Rising traffic congestion is an inevitable condition in large. Studies have shown that there are occasions when traffic congestion occurs and is an inherent result of the method nowadays modern societies operate. The key point to note is that nobody likes traffic congestion, and in most of the instances it keeps getting worse. The other striking facet that we require to take in to consideration is the relation of frequent traffic congestion and road accidents. In fact, regular road accidents and traffic congestion are the two most external factors and always discussion topics among transport policy makers.
Over many years, relationship between road accidents and traffic congestion has not been apparent and less studied. However, in the past few years, many independent bodies, and highway experts have started to study the influence of traffic congestion on the occurrence of road accidents by following a spatial analysis approach, in addition to controlling various other relevant factors.
Different studies submitted by various industry experts have shown that in recent times commuters using private vehicles, want to move at the same times of day. Now the real matter of concern is that every highway road system does not always have the ability to handle any emergency or even peak-hour loads without compelling many commuters just to wait in line for getting adequate assistance or limited road space. In fact, today there are many other countries facing traffic congestion problems. To address such there is a need of an effective and advance traffic management system.
In coming years, the Highways sector of India is anticipated to see huge increase on account of increasing necessities propelled by economic development. Adding to that the dependency on road transport network is also expected to grow high. The increasing traffic in India is too posing the urgent need to develop highways infrastructure and a proper management system.
Advance Traffic Management System (ATMS) is a comprehensive real time system that could very well help in the complete highway transportation and adds in the smooth, and competent traffic operation. It even promotes in the quick saving and relief to road users in distress. Many experts refer it to one such system that has been designed to allow easy branching for the development along highway. Having said that, it provides a solution for deployment, operation, maintenance, of monitoring systems, as the characteristics of highway keep changing dramatically. What makes the highway traffic management system more unique and special is that it takes the form of mobile traffic monitoring by making the best usage of the portable sensors in order to gather traffic data, or information in real-time.
In general the key components of ATMS are Variable Message Signboards, CCTV cameras, Emergency Response System, Automatic Traffic Counter and Classifier. In addition to this, the other components of ATMS also includes VMS & WIMS, Travel Time Estimation System (TTES), and Vehicle actuated radar speed system.
The best highlight about ATMS is that it offers cater to road surveillance, and in present scenario it has become very much vital. Undoubtedly, in the past few years, the ratio of vehicles running on roads and especially on highways has increased, and with this unfortunately there has also been a gradual increase in the vehicle accident, and traffic congestion. The significant upsurge in traffic on any National Highway stretch can well be managed by an effective implementation of traffic management system.